No “No Idle”

The following states do not have “no idle” regulations enacted in their jurisdictions as of our latest information: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.

Check here regularly for updates.

Arizona

Maricopa County, Arizona

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes (30 min. for bus passenger comfort or 60 min/90 min if greater than 75° F)
Fines: $100 - 1st violation $300 - 2nd + violations
Exemptions
• Traffic or adverse weather conditions
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Power takeoff involving cargo or work functions
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications
• Maintenance or diagnostics
• Hours of service compliance
Maricopa County Vehicle Idling Restriction Ordinance.
Maricopa County Air Quality Department (602) 506-6010, www.maricopa.gov/aq

California

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes
Fines: Minimum $300 Subsequent penalties can range from $1,000 to $10,000
Exemptions
• Bus passengers are onboard or 10 minutes prior to boarding
• Traffic conditions
• Queuing beyond 100 ft. of residential
• Adverse weather conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Power takeoff involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Emergency vehicles
CA Code of Regs, Title 13, Div. 3, Art. 1, Ch. 10, §2485.
California Air Resources Board (800) 242-4450, www.arb.ca.gov

City of Sacramento, California

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes (prohibits refrigeration unit operation within 100 ft. of residential or school unless loading/unloading)
Fines: Not <$100 nor >$25,000 per violation (Title 1, Ch. 1.28.010)
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions/control
• Traffic conditions
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Hours of service compliance at truck/rest stop
• To recharge hybrid electric vehicles
Sacramento City Code, Title 8, Ch. 8.116.
City of Sacramento Department of Transportation (916) 264-5011, www.cityofsacramento.org/transportation

Placer County, California

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes (prohibits refrigeration unit operation within 1,000 ft. of residential or school unless loading/unloading)
Fines: $50 Minimum
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions/control
• Traffic conditions
• Vehicle safety inspection
• Service or repair
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Hours of service compliance at truck/rest stop
• To recharge hybrid electric vehicles
• Operate intermittent equipment
• Alternatively fueled vehicles
• Attainment areas
Placer County Code, Article 10.14
Placer County Air Pollution Control District (530) 745-2330 www.placer.ca.gov/airpollution/airpolut.htm


Colorado

City of Aspen, Colorado

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes within any 1 hour
Fines: $1,000 maximum and/or 1 year imprisonment (§1.04.080)
Exemptions
• Safety reasons
• To achieve an engine temperature of 120° F and an air pressure of 100 lbs./sq. in.
City of Aspen Municipal Code §13.08.110
Aspen Environmental Health Department (970) 920-5039, www.aspenpitkin.com/depts/44/

City & County of Denver, Colorado

Maximum Idling Time - 10 minutes in any 1-hour period
Fines: Not >$999 and/or 1-year imprisonment (DMC §1-13)
Exemptions
• Less than 20° F for previous 24-hour period
• Less than 10° F
• Emergency vehicles
• Traffic conditions
• Being serviced           
• Auxiliary equipment
Denver Municipal Code §4-43.
Denver Department of Environmental Health, Division of Environmental Quality
(720) 865-5452, www.denvergov.org/DEQ


Connecticut

Maximum Idling Time - 3 minutes
Fines: Not >$5,000 per week (RCSA Title 22a §174-12(c))
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Ensure safety or health of driver/passengers
• Auxiliary equipment
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications
• Less than 20° F
• Maintenance
• Queuing to access military installation
Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies Title 22a, §174-18(b)(3).
State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection;
Bureau of Air Management (860) 424-3027, www.dep.state.ct.us



Delaware

Maximum Idling Time - 3 minutes
(15 minutes: 32° to -10° F; No limit: Less than -10° F)
Fines: $50 - $500 per offense (Title 7, Ch. 60, §6005 & §6013)
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications
• Repair
• Emergency vehicles
• Using auxiliary equipment/power takeoff
• Power during sleeping or resting beyond 25 miles of truck stop with available electrified equipment
• Vehicle safety inspections
Regulation 45, Excessive Idling of Heavy Duty Vehicles.
Delaware Division of Air & Waste Management (302) 739-9402, www.awm.delaware.gov



District of Columbia

Maximum Idling Time - 3 minutes
(5 minutes if less than 32° F)
Fines: $500, doubles for each subsequent violation
Exemptions
• Power takeoff
District of Columbia Municipal Regulations Title 20, §900.1.
District of Columbia Department of Health Environmental Health Administration
Air Quality Division (202) 535-2257, www.dchealth.dc.gov



Florida

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes
Fines: TBD
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Verify vehicle is safe to operate
• Power work-related operations
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Sleeping or resting in a sleeper berth (exemption expires Sept. 30, 2013)
Heavy-Duty Vehicle Idling Reduction.
Department of Environmental Protection, Air Resource Management
(850) 488-0114, www.dep.state.fl.us/Air

Georgia    PENDING

Maximum Idling Time - To be determined
Exemptions
• To be determined
Eliminating Unnecessary Idling of Heavy-Duty Vehicles.
Environmental Protection Division, Air Protection Branch
(404) 363-7000, www.georgiaair.org

City of Atlanta, Georgia

Maximum Idling Time - 15 minutes
(25 minutes if less than 32° F for passenger comfort/safety)
Fines: $500 minimum
Exemptions
• To perform needed work
• Traffic conditions
• Natural gas or electric vehicles
Code of Ordinances §150.97(c).
City of Atlanta, Office of Transportation (404) 330-6501,
www.atlantaga.gov/Government/PublicWorks



Hawaii

Maximum Idling Time
"No person shall cause, suffer, or allow any engine to be in operation while the motor vehicle is stationary at a loading zone, parking or servicing area, route terminal or other off street areas..." (3 minutes for start up/cool down or passenger loading/unloading)
Fines: Not <$25 nor >$2,500 per day (106 HRS §342B-47)
Exemptions
• Adjustment or repair
• Auxiliary equipment or power takeoff
• Passenger loading/unloading = 3 min.
• At start-up and cool-down for more than 3 min.
Hawaii Administrative Rules §1160.1-34.
Hawaii State Department of Health, Clean Air Branch (808) 586-4200,
www.hawaii.gov/health/environmental/air/cab/index.html



Illinois

Cities: Aux Sable, Goose Lake, Oswego
Counties: Cook, DuPage, Lake, Kane, McHenry, Will, Madison, St. Claire, Monroe

Maximum Idling Time - 10 minutes within any 60 minute period (30 minutes within any 60 minute period: Waiting to weigh, load or unload freight; No limit: Less than 32° F or greater than 80° F)
Fines: $50 - 1st conviction; $150 - 2nd & subsequent convictions in 12 month period Exemptions
• Less than 8,000 lbs. GVWR
• Traffic conditions/controls
• Prevent a safety or health emergency
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Service or repair
• Government inspection
• Power takeoffs involving cargo or work functions
• Resting in a sleeper berth
• Mechanical difficulties
• Queuing
625 Illinois Combined Statute 5/111429.
Illinois Department of Transportation (217) 782-7820, www.dot.state.il.us



Maine

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes in any 1 hour period
(No limit: < 0° F; 15 min/hr: 0°-32° F)
Fines: $25 - $500 - 1st offense; $150 - $500 for each subsequent offense
(MRSA, §585-K(5))
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance, servicing, repairing or diagnostic purposes
• State or federal inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Sleeper berth a/c or heat during rest or sleep periods
• A/C or heat while waiting to load/unload
• Mechanical difficulties if receipt of repair is submitted w/in 30 days
Public Law, Chapter 582. Maine Bureau of Motor Vehicles (207) 624-9000, www.maine.gov/sos/bmv

Maryland

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes
Fines: Not <$500 (MC § 27-101(b))
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions or mechanical difficulties
• Heating, cooling or auxiliary equipment
• Conform to manufacturer's specifications
• Accomplish intended use
Maryland Transportation Code §22402(c)(3).
Maryland Department of the Environment (410) 537-3000, www.mde.state.md.us



Massachusetts

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes
Fines: Not <$100 - 1st offense; Not <$500 for each succeeding offense
Exemptions
• Being serviced
• Delivery for which power is needed & alternatives unavailable
• Associate power needed & alternatives unavailable
General Laws of Massachusetts Ch. 90: § 16 A.
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (617) 292-5500, www.mass.gov/dep



Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Maximum Idling Time - 0 minutes in residential areas between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. (including refrigeration units)
Fines: $700 maximum and/or 90 days imprisonment (Title 1, Ch. 1)
Exemptions
• Permitted construction equipment
• Compliance with traffic signals or signs
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
Code of Ordinances, City of Minneapolis, Minnesota, Title 15, Ch. 389.100(7) & (8).
Minneapolis Environmental Management (612) 673-5897,
www.ci.minneapolis.mn.us/environment/

City of Owatonna, Minnesota

Maximum Idling Time - 15 minutes each 5 hours in residential areas
Fines: $1,000 maximum and/or 90 days imprisonment (Chapter XI, Section 1100:00)
Exemptions
None
Owatonna City Code, Chapter IX, Section 900:10. City of Owatonna (507) 444-4300,
www.ci.owatonna.mn.us


City of St. Cloud, Minnesota

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes, West St. Germain Street from 8th to 10th Avenue
Fines: Not <$200 (SCOO §706:35)
Exemptions
None
St. Cloud City Ordinance §700:90. City of St. Cloud, Parking Violations (320) 255-7209,
www.ci.stcloud.mn.us


Missouri

City of St. Louis, Missouri

Maximum Idling Time - 10 minutes
Fines: Not <$1 nor >$500 and/or imprisonment for not >90 days (SLCO 64645 §26) Exemptions
• Emergency vehicles
St. Louis City Ordinance 64645 §14(D).
City of St. Louis, Department of Air Pollution Control (314) 613-7300,
www.stlouis.missouri.org/citygov/airpollution

St. Louis County, Missouri

Maximum Idling Time - 3 consecutive minutes
Fines: Maximum $1,000 and/or 1 year imprisonment (§612.390)
Exemptions
• Operating a loading, unloading, or processing device
• Emergency vehicles
St. Louis County Air Pollution Control Code §612.340.
St. Louis County Air Pollution Control (314) 615-8924,
www.co.st-louis.mo.us/doh/environ/airpollut



Nevada

Maximum Idling Time - 15 minutes
Fines: Not <$100 nor >$500 - 1st; Not <$500 nor >$1,000 - 2nd;
Not <$1,000 nor >$1,500 - 3rd; Not <$1,500 nor >$2,500 - 4th and subsequent; offense(s) over a 3-year period (NAC445B.727)
Exemptions
• Variance has been issued
• Emergency vehicles
• Snow removal equipment
• Repair or maintain other vehicles
• Traffic congestion
• Maintenance at repair facility
• Emission contained & treated per Commission
• To perform specific task
NV Administrative Code Ch. 445B.576.
Nevada Division of Environmental Protection; Bureau of Air Pollution Control
(775) 687-9350, www.ndep.nv.gov/bapc

Clark County, Nevada (including Las Vegas)

Maximum Idling Time - 15 minutes
Fines: Not >$10,000 (CCAQR §09)
Exemptions
• Variance has been issued
• Emergency vehicles
• Repair or maintain other vehicles
• Traffic congestion
• Emission contained & treated per Control Officer
• To perform a specific task
• Maintenance at repair facility
Clark Co. Air Quality Regs. §45.
Clark County Department of Air Quality Management (702) 455-5942, www.accessclarkcounty.com/depts/daqem/aq/

Washoe County, Nevada (including Reno)

Maximum Idling Time - 15 minutes
Fines: Not >$250 - 1st offense; Not <$250 nor >$500 - 2nd and subsequent offenses (WCDBHR §020.040(E))
Exemptions
• Emergency vehicles
• Snow removal equipment
• Repair or maintain other vehicles
• Traveling on public right-of-way
• To perform specific task
• Maintenance at repair facility
Washoe Co. District Board of Health Regs. §040.200.
Washoe County District Health Department, Air Quality Management (775) 784-7200,
www.co.washoe.nv.us/health



New Hampshire

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes if greater than 32° F (15 minutes: 32° F to -10° F) Fines: TBD
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Emergency vehicles
• Power takeoff or heat/cool passengers
• Maintenance or diagnostics
• Defrost windshield
• Less than -10° F
Air Resources Division Admin. Rules Env-A 1101.05.
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services,
Air Resources Division (603) 271-1370, www.des.state.nh.us


New Jersey

Maximum Idling Time - 3 minutes (15 min. if stopped for greater than or equal to 3 hrs & <25° F
Fines: $100 for 1st; $200 for 2nd; $500 for 3rd; $1,500 for 4th; and subsequent offenses. (NJAC 7:27A3.10) (m) (14))
Penalties: For commercial vehicle and property owner, $250 for 1st violation, $500 for 2nd violation, $1,000 for 3rd and each subsequent violation.
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Mechanical operations
• Waiting or being inspected
• Performing emergency services
• Being repaired or serviced
• Use of sleeper berth in non-residential areas (before April 30, 2010)
• Auxiliary power unit/generator set, bunk heaters, etc.
New Jersey Administrative Code Title 7, Ch. 27-14.3.
New Jersey State Department of Environmental Protection, Air Quality Management, Regulatory Development (609) 292-2795, www.state.nj.us/dep/aqm


New York

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes
Fines: Not <$375 nor >$15,000 - 1st offense; Not >$22,500 - 2nd offense & subsequent offenses (NYSCL Ch. 43-B, §71,2103(1))
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Comply with passenger comfort laws
• Auxiliary power or maintenance
• Emergency vehicles
• Within mines or quarries
• Parked for more than 2 hrs. & less than 25° F
• State Inspections
• Recharging hybrid electric vehicles
• Farm vehicles
• Electric vehicles
New York Code of Rules & Regulations Title 6, Ch. 3 Part 2173.2.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation; Division of Air Resources (518) 402-8292, www.dec.state.ny.gov

New York City, New York

Maximum Idling Time - 3 minutes
Fines: Not <$50 nor >$500 and/or imprisonment for 20 days - 1st;
Not <$100 nor >$1,000 and/or imprisonment for not >30 days - 2nd offense;
Not <$400 nor >$5,000 and/or imprisonment for not >4 months - 3rd & subsequent offenses. (NYCAC 24190(g))
Exemptions
• Emergency vehicles
• Operate loading, unloading or processing device
New York City Administrative Code Title 24-163.
New York City Department of Environmental Protection (212) 639-9675, www.nvc.gov/dep

New Rochelle, New York

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes
Fines: Not more than $50 and/or 15 days imprisonment - 1st offense;
Not more than $100 and/or 45 days imprisonment - 2nd offense within 18 months;
Not more than $250 and/or 90 days imprisonment - 3rd & subsequent offenses within 18 months. (CCNR §312-68)
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Comply with passenger comfort laws
• Auxiliary power or maintenance
• Emergency vehicles
• Within mines or quarries
• Parked for more than 2 hrs. & less than 25° F
• State inspections
• Recharging hybrid electric vehicles
• Farm vehicles
• Electric vehicles
Code of the City of New Rochelle, Part II, Ch. 312, Art. II, §312-33.
City of New Rochelle, Code Enforcement/Abatement (914) 654-2051, www.newrochelleny.com

Rockland County, New York

Maximum Idling Time - 3 consecutive minutes
Fines: Not >$250 and/or 15 days imprisonment for 1st; Not >$1,000 and/or 15 days imprisonment for 2nd & subsequent offenses (LL #4, § 4)
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Comply with passenger comfort laws
• Power for auxiliary purposes
• Maintenance
• Performing emergency services
Laws of Rockland Co. Part II, Ch. 377.
Rockland County Department of Health (845) 364-2512, www.co.rockland.ny.us/health/



North Carolina
     PENDING

Maximum Idling Time - To be determined
Exemptions
• To be determined
Heavy-Duty Vehicle Idling Restrictions.
Department of Environment and Natural Resources,
Division of Air Quality (919) 733-3340, www.daq.state.nc.us



Pennsylvania

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes in any 1 hour period (15 min/hr if sampling, weighing, or loading or unloading)
Fines: $150 - $300 per offense (plus civil penalties up to $1,000)
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Prevent safety or health emergencies
• Comply with manufacturer's specifications
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance or repair
• Government or security inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Mechanical difficulties
• Sleeper berth a/c or heat during rest or sleep periods when temperatures
< 40° F or > 75° F and parked legally (exemption expires May 1, 2010)
• Vehicles with CARB low-NOx idle labels
Diesel Idling Reduction Rule. Department of Environmental Protection,
Bureau of Air Quality (717) 787-9702,
www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/airwaste/aq

Allegheny County, Pennsylvania

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes
(20 min./hour if less than 40° F or more than 75° F)
Fines: Warning - 1st offense; $100 - 2nd offense; $500 - 3rd & subsequent offenses
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Boarding & discharging passengers
• Queuing
• Cool down/warm up per manufacturer's recommendations
• Sleeping/resting in truck
• Safety inspections
• Ensure safe operation
• Emergency vehicles
• Power accessory or service equipment
• Repair or diagnostics
County of Allegheny Ordinance No. 16782, §2105.92.
Allegheny County Health Department, Air Pollution Control (412) 687-2243, www.achd.net

City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Maximum Idling Time - 2 minutes or 0 minutes for layovers (5 min. if less than 32° F)
(20 min. if less than 20° F)
Fine: $300
Exemptions
None
Air Management Reg. IX §3(A). Philadelphia Department of Public Health,
Air Management Services (215) 685-7578, www.phila.gov/health/


Rhode Island

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes in any 1 hour period (No limit: <0° F; 15 min./hr. between 0° and 32° F)
Fines: Not >$100 -1st offense; Not >$500 for each succeeding offense (APCR §45.6) Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Ensure health or safety of driver/passengers
• Power work-related operations
• Sleeper cabs during federally mandated rest periods (exemption expires July 1, 2010)
• Maintenance, servicing, repairing or diagnostic purposes
• State or federal inspections
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Auxiliary power unit/generator set
Air Pollution Control Regulation No.45. Department of Environmental Management, Office of Air Resources (401) 222-6800, www.dem.ri.gov



South Carolina

Maximum Idling Time - 10 minutes in any 1 hour period
Fines: $75 for each offense (effective July 1, 2009) (SCCL §56-35-40)
Exemptions
• Traffic conditions
• Prevent safety or health emergency
• Emergency or law enforcement purposes
• Maintenance, servicing, repairing or diagnostic purposes
• State or federal inspections
• Power work-related operations
• Sleeper berth a/c or heat during (a) rest or sleep periods; (b) <40° F or >80° F; or (c) at rest areas, terminals, truck stops or legal parking locations >500 ft. from homes or schools
• While waiting to load/unload
South Carolina Code of Laws 56-35-10.
State Transport Police (803) 896-5500, www.scstp.org



Texas

Cities: Austin, Bastrop, Elgin, Lockhart, Round Rock, San Marcos
Counties: Bastrop, Caldwell, Hays, Travis, Williamson

Maximum Idling Time - 5 minutes, April - October (30 minutes for bus passenger comfort or transit operations)
Fine: Varies by jurisdiction
Exemptions
• 14,000 lbs. GVW or less
• Traffic conditions
• Emergency or law enforcement
• To perform needed work
• Maintenance or diagnostics
• Defrost windshield
• Airport ground support
• Rented/leased vehicles
• Hours of service compliance
Texas Administrative Code Title 30 § 114.512.
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (512) 239-1000, www.tceq.state.tx.us



Utah

Maximum Idling Time
"A person operating or in charge of a motor vehicle may not permit the vehicle to stand unattended without: (a) stopping the engine..."
Fines: Not >$750 and/or not >90 days imprisonment (UC 76-3-204; 301)
Exemptions
None
Utah Code Title 41-6a-1403. Utah Department of Public Safety (801) 965-4461, www.publicsafety.utah.gov

Salt Lake Count, Utah

Maximum Idling Time - 15 minutes
Fines: Not >$1,000 and/or not >6 months imprisonment - 1st; Not >$2,500 and/or not >1 year imprisonment - 2nd & following; offense(s) within 2 years (UC 76-3-204; 301) Exemptions
• Power refrigeration unit if greater than 500 ft. from any residence
• Heat/cool sleeper berth if greater than 500 ft. from any residence
• Emergency vehicles
Salt Lake City-County Health Dept. Regulation #28 4.1.9.
Salt Lake Valley Health Department, Environmental Health Services,
Air Pollution Control (801) 313-6720, www.slvhealth.org/eh/air



Virginia

Maximum Idling Time - 10 minutes for diesel vehicles (3 minutes for all other vehicles) in commercial or residential urban areas
Fines: Not >$25,000 (CV 10.1-1316)
Exemptions
• Auxiliary power
Virginia Administrative Code, Title 9, 5-40-5670(B).
Virginia Dept. of Environmental Quality
(804) 698-4000, www.deq.state.va.us/air